High Blood Pressure

Jose L. Valdez, MD -  - Family Practitioner

Jose L. Valdez, MD

Family Practitioner located in Santa Ana, CA

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one out of every five Americans is unaware they have high blood pressure. In Santa Ana, California, Dr. Jose L. Valdez understands the importance of regulating your blood pressure and keeping your heart healthy and safe. From preventive screenings to checkups, education, lifestyle changes, and medications, Dr. Valdez devises customized treatment plans and is here to help you improve your overall wellness. Call the office today to schedule your appointment.

High Blood Pressure Q & A

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a condition where the long-term force of your blood against your artery walls is too high. If the force continues, it leads to complications like heart disease.

Your blood pressure is determined by how much blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. A higher blood pressure reading typically means narrower arteries and more blood pumped by your heart.

What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

Dr. Valdez checks your blood pressure with a pressure-measuring gauge and inflatable arm cuff. Symptoms of high blood pressure include:

  • Headaches
  • Nosebleeds
  • Lightheadedness
  • Shortness of breath


You might have high blood pressure and not know it since there aren’t always clear symptoms. At-home and in-office tests help Dr. Valdez diagnose high blood pressure and keep track of your measurements over time.

What causes high blood pressure?

There are two types of high blood pressure, or hypertension: primary and secondary.

Primary hypertension

Primary hypertension develops over many years and doesn’t have a known cause.

Secondary hypertension

Secondary hypertension occurs due to an underlying condition and can have a sudden onset. Factors that can contribute to secondary hypertension include:

  • Thyroid disorders
  • Kidney complications
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Chronic alcohol abuse
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Illegal drugs, such as amphetamines


Medications, such as birth control pills, cold remedies, prescription drugs, and over-the-counter pain relievers can also cause secondary hypertension.

What are the risk factors for high blood pressure?

Many factors can play a role in your developing high blood pressure, such as:

  • Stress
  • Aging
  • Obesity
  • Inactivity
  • Tobacco use
  • Family history
  • Mineral and vitamin deficiencies
  • Certain chronic health conditions


The complications of high blood pressure include:

  • Aneurysm
  • Heart failure
  • Memory loss
  • Eye complications
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Damage to the heart and blood vessels

What are the treatments for high blood pressure?

Dr. Valdez evaluates your medical history and performs a physical exam to determine your course of treatment. He checks your blood pressure and might recommend additional tests, such as a cholesterol test and an electrocardiogram.

As an active person himself, Dr. Valdez recommends a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and a healthy diet. Quitting tobacco smoking, limiting alcohol, maintaining a healthy weight, and managing stress are also effective methods for treating high blood pressure.

If you have high blood pressure and concerns about your heart health, call the office to visit a knowledgeable provider, Dr. Valdez.