Diabetes

Jose L. Valdez, MD -  - Family Practitioner

Jose L. Valdez, MD

Family Practitioner located in Santa Ana, CA

The American Diabetes Association states that approximately 1.5 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes every year. In Santa Ana, California, Dr. Jose L. Valdez knows that diabetes can have a huge impact on your daily life, but with the right treatments and medical care, this condition is manageable. Dr. Valdez is highly experienced at helping men and women with diabetes. Call the office today to book your consultation.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar or glucose. Glucose is one of your body’s sources of energy, and diabetes involves excess glucose in your bloodstream.

As you eat sugar and foods that turn to sugar in your body, your pancreas secretes the insulin hormone to store the sugar into your cells for use. Insulin lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. When the level of sugar in your blood drops, so does insulin production.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, which typically fights harmful bacteria and viruses, begins attacking itself, more specifically, your pancreatic cells that produce insulin. Type 1 is more common in your childhood and teenage years.

Type 2 diabetes

With type 2 diabetes, your pancreatic cells become resistant to the insulin hormone over time, and your pancreas can no longer produce enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Type 2 is more prevalent when you’re over age 45.

Prediabetes

Prediabetes can lead to type 2 diabetes. When your blood sugar levels are concerning, higher than average, and not high enough to be diabetes, this is considered prediabetes.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy, but it typically goes away after the birth.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

The symptoms of diabetes include:

 

  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Excessive thirst and hunger
  • Frequent infections, such as skin, vaginal, or gum infections

What causes diabetes?

The cause of diabetes isn’t definitive, but certain risk factors can contribute to your risk, such as:

  • Aging
  • Obesity
  • Inactivity
  • Genetics
  • Hormones
  • Family history

What are the complications of diabetes?

Without the proper care from an expert like Dr. Valdez, diabetes can lead to serious health complications, including:

  • Nerve damage
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Damage to the kidneys, skin, eyes, feet, and hearing

What are the treatments for diabetes?

Dr. Valdez performs a number of tests, including bloodwork, to diagnose diabetes and helps you choose the right treatment. Treatments include:

  • Insulin and oral medications
  • Blood sugar monitoring, for example, with a glucose monitor
  • Lifestyle changes, such as nutrition, exercise, and stress management

 

Appropriate lifestyle changes provide you with sufficient nutrition, ensure you get the right amount of regular exercise, lower your stress hormones, and regulate your blood sugar.

Entrust your healthcare to an experienced and empathetic diabetes specialist. Call the office to book your appointment with Dr. Valdez.

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