The Impact Of High Blood Pressure: Health Complications That You Are At Risk of Developing

blood pressure, health complications, Jose Valdez MD

One in three adults in America has high blood pressure. One in two people with high blood pressure don’t have their condition under control. Also known as hypertension, high blood pressure is a serious medical condition that puts you at risk for developing other health problems.

High blood pressure occurs when the pressure of your blood traveling through your blood vessels is higher than normal. It can harden your arteries, which are smooth and elastic when healthy. Hardened arteries make your heart work harder to push blood through the narrower channels, decreasing the flow of blood and oxygen throughout your body.

In most cases, high blood pressure doesn’t have any visible signs or symptoms. High blood pressure can go undetected for years, harming your blood vessels quietly over time. The only way to identify high blood pressure is getting regular blood pressure checks. Jose Valdez, MD, is an expert in diagnosing and treating high blood pressure to help you stay as healthy as possible.

Uncontrolled high blood pressure can be fatal. If you already have high blood pressure, you can make changes to get your blood pressure under control and reduce your risk for developing other serious complications. Some of the most common conditions associated with high blood pressure are:

Heart failure

Your heart is responsible for pumping blood through your body. High blood pressure makes your heart work harder, putting you at risk for:

When your heart can’t pump enough blood to your organs, damage results. You’re at risk for a heart attack, which occurs when the blood supply to your heart is blocked and your heart doesn’t get enough oxygen.

Coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease, which is the No. 1 cause of death for men and women in America. This disease occurs when the arteries leading to your heart become hard and narrow.

Stroke

High blood pressure can interfere with your brain’s blood supply. As your blood vessels suffer damage from prolonged, increased pressure, the blood flow to your brain is affected. You’re at increased risk for stroke if you have unmanaged high blood pressure.

A stroke occurs when part of your brain doesn’t get enough oxygen and nutrients from blood, causing brain cells to die. Causes can be blood clots or significantly narrowed blood vessels in the brain, both of which can develop as a result of hypertension.

High blood pressure can affect your brain in other ways too, including mild cognitive impairment and even dementia. High blood pressure can block your brain from receiving the blood it needs to maintain proper cognitive function.

Kidney disease

Your kidneys serve an important function, filtering your blood to eliminate waste and water. High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels inside and outside your kidneys, making it harder for them to filter your blood.

If your kidneys are damaged by high blood pressure, dangerous amounts of fluid and waste can build up in your blood. Hypertension is one of the leading causes of kidney failure. Patients with kidney disease often need dialysis or kidney transplants to keep their blood healthy.

Eye damage

Your eyes rely on tiny blood vessels that are susceptible to damage from high blood pressure. Hypertension can cause nerve damage and retinopathy, or damage to your eyes’ blood vessels. Both can lead to vision changes, blurriness, and even blindness if left untreated.

Undetected or unmanaged, high blood pressure can damage your blood vessels and arteries and significantly impact your overall health. Your blood provides vital oxygen and nutrients to your brain, muscles, and organs. High blood pressure strains your body and puts you at risk for complications and serious health conditions.

Through customized treatment, medication, and lifestyle changes, Dr. Valdez can help you manage your high blood pressure and improve your health. Start taking control of your high blood pressure and schedule your first appointment with Dr. Valdez today.

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